Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

When you come home with your newborn in your arms, the first big change for you is to bid your beauty sleep at night goodbye. While babies sleep for most of the day and night during the initial stages of their life, this sleep is not continuous. They may wake up frequently to feed and then drift back to sleep after a while. For a new parent this can get confusing because you don’t know how to plan around the baby’s sleep cycles. But this is not only why you need to understand your baby’s sleep pattern. Adequate sleep is also crucial for their development and health and by being informed about the healthy baby sleep schedule by age, you can ensure your little one is getting all the sleep she needs at each stage.

Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

Baby Sleep Schedule by Age

The First Few Weeks

Baby has spent the first few months of her life in the dark, warm confines of your womb. Over the first few weeks post-birth she is still slowly getting accustomed to the day and night pattern that she has been brought out into. At this stage she is too young to be brought on a schedule.

Also Read: Essential Items for Newborn Baby that You Must Have

Over the 24- hour period of each day, she may spend between 16 and 17 hours sleeping. Typically, she sleeps for 8 to 9 hours of the day and 8 hours at night in total. These could be split into naps lasting 2 to 3 hours followed by 45 to 60 minutes of awake time.

Remember that by the end of the first two weeks, the baby should ideally go back to her birth weight. Gradually as she is a few weeks old, she starts sleeping for longer stretches at a go.

Between 1 and 2 Months Old 

Baby’s awake window slightly increases now to around two hours but she is still taking naps during the day and waking up at night-time to feed, more than once. Check with your paediatrician if you can start waking the baby for a feed if she is napping for longer than an hour and half during the day in her second month. An important thing to note is that breastfed babies wake every two to three hours for a quick meal at night while for formula fed tots, this could extend to three to four hours.

Between 3 to 6 Months

At this stage, baby is beginning to understand the difference between day and night and so her sleep pattern begins to settle down. Swaddling, white noise, rocking and other such techniques help you soothe her and get her sleepy enough to drift off peacefully and quickly.

At night she sleeps for longer stretches, maybe even six to eight hours if you are lucky, without waking for a feed. During the day, her sleep times are reduced slightly and she wants to play or cuddle for longer in between naps and she is active for more hours overall. If it is past her bedtime and she seems active, try the swaddling- rocking- white noise trio of techniques to slowly help her calm down and go to sleep. 

Make sure to wake her up if the baby’s sleep during a daytime nap stretches longer than one and half hours because fewer daytime feeds mean more night-time feeds. Try to slowly wean her away from the habit of feeding to fall asleep. After the last meal she has, switch to other calming methods to put her to sleep so that you begin breaking the feed- sleep association. By the time the baby is nearing her six month birthday, she is edging closer to getting one long uninterrupted sleep stretch at night, followed by a shorter nap after a feed.

Between 7 to 9 Months

As she enters her seventh month, baby is ready to skip her night feed and get a single long stretch of sleep. Of course, pre-bedtime feed is still very important but you may be able to break the midnight snack habit now with your paediatrician’s advice. This is also the time to start nudging your little one towards self- soothing so she can go back to sleep on her own even if she wakes up in the middle of the night. 

White noise is still a perfectly safe, non- intrusive sleep inducing method you can use but swaddling is not as advisable as baby has started to move a lot on her own now. Try to fade away the rocking- to- help- baby’s sleep habit as well so the baby can slowly learn to drift off on her own without needing you nearby. If you haven’t stopped feeding to help her sleep already, do it now. You can stop a habit by shortening the length of time for which you do it before putting the baby in her bassinet to sleep so that she is calmed down but not asleep when she’s in sleeping position.

9 to 12 Months

By now you are definitely yearning to know when babies sleep through the night. You are almost there! Although she is sleeping for an eight hour stretch at night, she may be waking up early for a feed. Now she’s beginning to try solid foods too so her meal times may be farther apart as well and hopefully you have managed to wean her off night time feeds by this stage. Now the baby is sleeping for anywhere between 14 and 15, maybe even 16, hours daily with most of the sleep taking place during the night. Yay!

If you haven’t started teaching babies how to self soothe, you must start now. At bedtime, she goes into her crib or bed when she is sleepy but still awake. On most days the baby’s sleep will be uninterrupted through the night and she’ll wake early but on the few nights that she does wake up in between, try not to pick her up. See if she’s able to soothe herself back to sleep or else pat her to sleep in her crib. Taking her out and into your arms can bring her to full wakefulness.  

Also Read: How Everybody Can do Best for Their Babies?

By the time, baby is one year old, she is ideally sleeping through the night and also self- soothing to sleep. She still needs a pre- sleep time feed but she isn’t dependent on the feed to go to sleep now.

However, what you must remember is that every baby is different. If your little one isn’t exactly following this schedule, it is not a cause for concern as long as she is getting enough rest and is growing at the right pace. Your periodic paediatrician visits will keep you apprised on baby’s development and overall health. Do not try to force fit your little one into the typical baby sleep schedule by age pattern. Instead try to gradually nudge her into a night time sleep- daytime- play pattern overall. 

Ideal Weight and Height Chart for Infants Month by Month

Is my baby too thin? Is my baby too fat? Shouldn’t he have grown a lot more by now? Is there something wrong with my baby?

These and many more questions plague a parent’s mind especially when they are new and suddenly have the responsibility of their little one.

Parenting can be tough, and some answers are tough to get, but luckily there are some straightforward answers as well that soothe this pressure. 

Below is a baby weight and height growth chart that will help any parent to track the growth of their baby in their first 12 months.

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Boys:

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Boys

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Girls:

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Girls
  • The column highlighted in green is the median value corresponding to that particular month recommended by WHO (World Health Organisation).

What is a Growth Chart?

So now that you have seen the chart above, you might wonder about its uses? A growth chart like the one shown above helps a parent and moreover a paediatrician to analyse the growth and development of a child.

A paediatrician uses the baby growth chart to measure the weight and height of the infant according to the development month and helps to determine the overall health of the infant.

In many instances a paediatrician also measures the head size of the infant which helps to determine the brain development.

Also Read: Baby Developmental Milestones for Birth to 3 Years

Difference in The Growth Chart of Boys and Girls

When you see a baby boy and a girl, you can immediately figure out the differences between them. Some obvious differences are in their stature, behaviour, hair length (though not always 😊) etc.

Most of these differences are due to the various factors like the genes, hormones, brain chemistry etc.

Apart from these, the environment plays an important factor in contributing to the overall growth of a child.

A different growth chart is used for boys and girls even though they might be of the same age group because the growth rate and growth pattern are different between the two genders.

Types of Growth Charts

There are different growth charts depending on the age group of the child, such as in weeks or in age groups like 0-1 year / 0-2 years, 2 years-5 years etc.

Also, the growth chart will be different for a pre-termed baby or a child with some disorder like Down’s syndrome.

So, if you had a pre-termed baby, don’t make the mistake of comparing your child’s growth with the baby weight or height growth chart.

The best option for you is to consult your paediatrician for a proper growth chart depending on your child’s medical history.

What is This Whole Fuss About Percentiles?

Many parents come across the term “percentiles” and are left wondering about it. Let us not make it more complicated and simplify it.

Also Read: Essential Parenting Tips for Parents of Toddlers

Percentiles are the measurements one deduces using a baby growth chart that helps to compare where one child is in terms of growth against another child.

Let’s make it a bit more simpler with an example:

Let us consider that child A is 65th percentile in weight, so this will indicate that 65% of the kids weigh less than child A and 35% of kids weigh more than child A.

However, fret not if the child’s growth rate is in the lower half of the percentile graph. One needs to make sure that it is uniform i.e., if the child had a percentile of 40% then the child’s growth pattern should remain at 40% throughout their growing stages.

However, a fluctuation like say from 40% to 5% is a cause of worry and one should consult their paediatrician as soon as possible.

Percentiles are represented in the form of curved lines in a chart.

Breast Fed Child Vs Formula Fed Child

Wow!!! Your baby is growing up so fast!!!

Is it because you give her formula milk? 

Should I switch too??

Is there something wrong with my milk?

Or is there something wrong with my baby?

Isn’t my milk enough?

If not, then why is my baby’s growth rate slow??

Every anxious parent goes through this phase where they doubt their decision. The debate between breast milk or formula milk is common any given day.

So, which one is better? Or are they similar?

There is definitely a slight difference in the growth patterns between a breast-fed child and a formula-fed child because of the difference in their composition.

Healthy breast-fed babies gain weight more rapidly in the first 3 months of their life as compared to formula-fed babies.

This is because breast milk is dynamic and it changes according to the child’s requirements.

However, after 3 months the growth rate pattern is slower as compared to a formula-fed child.

Ultimately both the kids are healthy barring a slight difference in the growth pattern.

Should You Worry?

Typically for any parent, a visit to the doctor even if it is a normal check up is always a cause of worry. In this day and era, where any information is available online, everyone is a self-proclaimed doctor and knows the treatment for any medical condition. However, it is very easy to fall in the dungeon of worries and be scared when there could be a simpler solution.

In such times, it is important for a parent to know that each child is unique, and so is their growth pattern. Hence, one needs to get the proper advice from a doctor before driving to any conclusions.

Also Read: Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Just because your child’s growth rate is a little off from the baby weight growth chart doesn’t mean that you should sit and worry all day.

Consult Your Paediatrician First

Your paediatrician will guide you in the right direction with proper medical advice and treatment if needed.

All in all such baby growth charts help parents to determine their child’s overall growth pattern, but one always needs to remember that each child is unique and deserves a proper medical guide whenever required.

Also read: Help your baby become the best version of themselves with these 6 TIPs from Raghav!

Essential Items For Newborn Baby That You Must Have

Ready to bring home the newest member of your family? Great! But first equip your nursery with newborn essentials that you cannot do without. Remember that once your baby is home, you may not have the luxury to go shopping. If you are unsure which baby items you need, we’ve got you covered. Here’s the ultimate newborn essentials list telling you what you need to keep the new being comfortable, happy and safe.

The Comprehensive Newborn Baby Items List You Need

Let’s start with the ‘emergency’ that can occur at any time, any place and that needs to be addressed immediately. 

Essential items for newborn baby

Diaper Change Time!

Changing diapers is a skill you’ll quickly master especially if you have these newborn essentials at hand:

  • 4 boxes (large) of newborn size disposable diapers. Buy in bulk to keep costs low
  • 7 to 10 cloth diapers 
  • 3 large boxes of soft wipes to wipe down the baby before putting on the fresh diaper. (Unscented ones are safe for baby’s ultra-sensitive skin) 
  • 2- 3 large tubes of diaper cream to ensure the baby’s skin is rash free, moisturized and healthy. 
  • Changing mats offer a clean surface for diaper change at home and outside 
  • A diaper bag that functions as a carry-it-all 

Feed Time!

Hungry baby is an upset baby and feed time cannot wait for anyone or anything. You need these baby essentials for smooth feed times:

  • Breastfeeding moms need nursing clothes. Your doctor can recommend a nipple cream for sore, cracked nipples
  • Breast pumps for storing your milk for when you are away working 
  • For bottle feeding- 6- 8 durable, BPA free bottles you can clean, rinse, dry thoroughly before mealtimes
  • 6- 8 anti-colic nipples 
  • Bottle brush 
  • Electric sterilizer can be handy if you want to skip the conventional boiling water soak method
  • Formula recommended by the paediatrician. Get a tin/packet and check if it suits baby before you buy in bulk 
  • Thermos for ready access to hot water to quickly mix formula 
  • 20 bibs to protect baby’s clothes from spills
  • Soft cotton towels to mop up spills and to cover your clothes while feeding  

Also Read: Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Bath and Groom Time!

Baby’s skin, hair, nails need special care and so, you need the perfect baby essentials for grooming.

  • A bathtub that has enough room for you to manoeuvre your hands around the little one and is stable so that it doesn’t topple over 
  • Shampoo and body wash especially made for babies is what your newborn needs. Try out a small sample first to see if it suits your baby
  • Almond, olive or coconut oil massage to keep baby’s skin moisturized and supple. Get the non- scented, organic versions 
  • 2- 3 soft cotton towels to wrap around and wipe down baby after a bath 
  • Baby nail clippers 
  • Soft bristles brush to gently get rid of cradle cap or crib cap

Health Time!

Baby’s do get sick too and those distressing times can be easier if you have the following to address the newborn needs. 

  • A baby thermometer is the first and most important addition to the new born baby items list
  • Petroleum jelly, safe for chapped baby skin 
  • First aid kit stocked with fresh items

Style Time!

Your baby’s clothes are the cutest newborn essentials you’ll buy. But don’t just go by the looks, prioritize ease of use, comfort and safety: 

  • Choose soft, breathable cotton that is light enough to show up stains. Avoid clothing with sharp buttons or decorations or zippers
  • Open front or kimono style tops are easy to get on and off the baby. A good tip is to avoid back button clothing
  • Soft cotton socks are among the newborn essentials you need in summer, especially when your little one is in comfy short tops
  • A soft cap that covers the ears, especially if the climate is cool, and/or you are taking the infant out after sundown 
  • Wraparound blanket to swaddle when you carry your baby in your arms or use the stroller 

Sleep Time

Sound sleep at night helps your baby grow at the right pace. Here’s how to ensure happy bedtimes:

  • Sleepsuits that can be buttoned up from the front so that you can quickly change a sleepy infant at night. Onesies are a comfy, warm solution 
  • Crib or bassinet and firm mattress, not a fluffy one, with a firm, securely stitched pillow
  • Mattress protectors extend the life of your mattress and keep it clean and hygienic 
  • Light, lint-free, breathable and easy-to wash blankets 
  • Mosquito net covering the crib but fixed on a proper framework so that it doesn’t fall too close to baby’s face 

Also Read: Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

Apart from these baby’s items, there will be plenty more that you will get depending on your lifestyle, your parenting choices and even your home design. A good rule of thumb is to ensure that everything you buy is made with safe materials, can be cleaned easily, and is not likely to hurt your baby in any way. Now you know what baby essentials to have at hand before you bring your little one home. Happy Parenting! 

Baby Developmental Milestones For Birth to 3 Years

The journey from birth to age 3 is a very exciting one. 80% of the infant’s brain development happens during this phase. The child begins to imitate and learn, she learns how to remember and recall, she also begins to analyse and reason. With these developmental milestones, she will also become independent or rebellious, if she is constrained. This is all part of growing up and handling it right helps the child grow into a confident, socially adept person. To do this, it helps to know what milestones to expect during these three years.

Developmental Milestones from Birth to 3 Months  

A newborn recognises her parents’ voice at birth. Then slowly, she begins to comprehend and acknowledge the world around her. Here is what to expect with baby development after birth and up to 3 months.

  • Learns to distinguish her voice among various sounds
  • Makes eye contact, studies faces, smiles at familiar ones
  • Cries when she wants attention
  • Responds with happy sounds when you cuddle or talk to her
  • Reacts to loud noises and also responds to sounds
  • Briskly moves her arms and legs
  • When placed on her tummy, she can lift her head 
  • Searches for sounds by looking around in this position and follows movement with the eyes
  • Can roll over to her sides
  • Tries to grab things and learns to hold them by gripping with fingers

Also Read: Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Developmental Milestones from 4 to 6 Months  

Some dramatic changes can be seen as part of baby developmental milestones in these three months:

  • Can now hold up her head almost 90 degrees without support
  • With support, she can sit and stand 
  • Turns over, first, from front to her side 
  • Knows to clutch and let go of things 
  • Recognises her name and responds 
  • Prefers familiar faces 
  • Likes people, smiles and tries to engage
  • Can identify how colours are different and is very keen on colourful things
  • Laughs to express happiness
  • Learning that an object that she can no longer see still exists

Developmental Milestones from 7 to 9 Months  

Some of the most significant baby development after birth takes place in this period. Baby’s identity is developing and you will see the following:

  • Explores her feelings and responds by smiling, frowning, crying, laughing
  • Begins to exert her will in wanting things or needing to be held
  • Loves playing with people she knows but wary about new faces  
  • Likes to put things in her mouth and can begin mashed solid foods, progressing to finger foods
  • Sits unassisted for a few minutes and then slowly learns to sit on her own
  • Can lift her chest and head off the floor when on her tummy
  • Tries to move ahead on her tummy using her arms
  • Switches things from one hand to another 
  • Gets depth perception and begins to fear falling
  • Focuses on small objects easily and tries to create noises with her toys 
  • Tries to mimic speech with babbles

Also Read: Essential Items For Newborn Baby That You Must Have

Developmental Milestones from 10 to 12 Months 

By the first birthday, you have seen some significant baby developmental milestones, such as:

  • Shakes her head in ‘No’ 
  • Tries to form words and associate words to things 
  • Tries to ‘talk’ to you
  • Shies away from strangers but openly expressive with you 
  • Copies your actions like Bye or clap
  • May realize the mirror shows them their own image
  • Develops stronger likes and dislikes  
  • Moves around independently by crawling, rolling, sliding 
  • Pulls herself up to stand using support and may attempt walking 
  • Can pick up things with thumb and forefinger 
  • Drink from a cup with a spout and begins to learn eating with a spoon
  • Understands many words and have some words in their vocabulary
  • Loves rhymes and music and also colourful books

Developmental Milestones from 13 to 15 Months 

Baby has crossed her first birthday and she is now a little person with feelings, preferences, and a personality. Here are the baby developmental milestones to expect:

  • Curious about the world and moves around to touch, move, grab and bang things
  • Learning to walk 
  • Has better sense of emotions and also knows how to show them to communicate
  • Loves talking to you and having you tell stories 
  • Likes ‘reading’ colourful picture books 
  • Understands she is safe with you
  • Scribbles with crayons, builds towers with blocks and likes to pick up and drop things 
  • Develops empathy and cries when someone else is crying
  • Likes to play with other kids
  • Starts using real words like ball, bell, mat
  • May explore climbing 
  • Responds to simple commands like ‘hold up your hand’

Developmental Milestones from 16 to 18 Months 

Increasing curiosity characterises the baby developmental milestones at this stage. The child is showing her imagination at this stage. Expect her to:

  • Love hide and seek games with people and things
  • Like independent play even if other children are along
  • Be very curious and constantly explore and try new things
  • Be very expressive about her feelings, especially in showing her love for you
  • Suffer separation anxiety if you are not around
  • Try out pretend play (e.g.: ‘talking’ into a play phone)
  • Get shy when people look at her
  • Speak a few words correctly and in context, understand many more
  • Motor skills are developing and holding, scribbling, selecting are easier
  • Sit down in a chair without help

Developmental Milestones from 19 to 21 Months 

Imitation is one of the most crucial aspects of baby development after birth and in this phase, the baby begins to imitate actions, sounds, tone and behaviour. Expect to see the child: 

  • Copying tasks like combing hair or brushing teeth 
  • Identifying and pointing to things called out by name
  • Identify themselves by name verbally
  • Understand how to form short sentences with ‘Me’ and ‘You’
  • Become possessive about their things or people they love
  • Try to mimic actions 
  • Jump up and down, kick a ball, walk down stairs with support
  • Have better grip on smaller things

Developmental Milestones from 22 to 24 Months 

By the baby’s second birthday, she is well on her way to achieve the typical 2 year old developmental milestones. She is now: 

  • More independent, be it play or dressing up or pouring juice into her cup
  • Can walk and eat many foods on her own without help
  • Understands you very well and complies with instructions
  • Can use many more words correctly but maybe not in the correct form
  • Loves verbalizing her discoveries
  • Has far better memory and recall
  • Has a strong personality and definite opinions 
  • Understands she can say ‘No’ and tests boundaries, to understand what she can and cannot do
  • Cannot control her emotions too well yet

 Developmental Milestones from 25 to 27 Months 

Fine-tuning some skills, learning some anew, this characterizes this phase. Here’s what to expect: 

  • Jumping forward with both feet, showing better coordination
  • Making lines and circles with a crayon or pencil 
  • Comparing real life colours, things, toys with pictures
  • Getting creative by using all items as playthings 
  • Differentiating good behaviour from bad
  • Understanding time concepts like today or tomorrow
  • Questioning in short sentences and understanding complex multiple instructions
  • Reading short three letter words

Developmental Milestones from 28 to 30 Months 

Motor skills, balance and coordination are developing at a fast clip and your child can now:

  • Walk on tiptoe, walk backwards, traverse stairs
  • Speak in phrases or sentences
  • Wear and remove clothes with zippers 
  • Drink and eat more efficiently with spoon, glass and straw
  • Can be toilet trained
  • Use imagination to create play
  • Is impatient and possessive about belongings

Developmental Milestones from 31 to 33 Months 

The child begins to understand her place in family and society. Milestones to notice are: 

  • Understands social constructs 
  • Runs without falling, jumps down from short stool with control, and soon, learns pedalling
  • Begins to explore crafts with paper folding 
  • Begins to write simple letters roughly
  • Wants to imitate people and do things on her own 
  • Verbalizes when she is happy or upset
  • Identifies her name, gender 
  • Has imaginary friends
  • Can complete 6 piece puzzles

Developmental Milestones from 34 to 36 Months 

By the 3rd birthday, your baby’s personality is quite defined and she knows what she wants. Here are the 3- year- old developmental milestones to look for:

  • Curiosity and a need to find and figure out things
  • Lots of questioning with a surprising vocabulary and eagerness to learn
  • Experimenting with behaviours to understand how the world reacts
  • Climbing, running, pedalling with perfect balance
  • Potty trained by day but maybe not by night yet
  • Often frustrated because imagination and skills don’t match
  • Testing boundaries and often challenging them just to understand how rules work
  • May no longer want to nap in the noon
  • Showing interest in group activities

While these are the typical developmental milestones from 0 to 3 years, every child is unique and grows at a different pace. Instead of worrying if your child has not reached a milestone, just enjoy the phase and encourage and support her in her discovery of this brand new world. 

Also Read:

Montessori Education | Raising Super Stars

“Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.”

-Dr. Maria Montessori

Montessori education is a non-traditional system of education which focuses on the learning and development of every child in the classroom.

Montessori education system was established by Dr. Maria Montessori. Being a revolutionary, Dr. Montessori was Italy’s first female doctor and opened her first Montessori school in 1907 by the name Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House).

Montessori course involves self-directed activities and is prominently impactful in early childhood and during primary school education.

Montessori curriculum is different from the traditional education system, wherein no specific curriculum is assigned to the children of a particular age group and they are made to study that subject irrespective of their interest and understanding. Rather, the Montessori curriculum is based on each child’s needs and interests.

Every child has the freedom to choose what they want to learn and can keep learning that particular skill for as long as they want without any interruptions from others. This helps the child to develop a better understanding of that subject/skill. 

A particularly interesting characteristic of Montessori education lies in its multi-age classrooms. In contrast to the traditional education system where kids are grouped in a classroom on the basis of their age, Montessori classrooms are multi-age meaning kids of different age groups can study together in a classroom. The segregation is based solely on a child’s interests and understanding.

Freedom to move about in the classroom is yet another characteristic of Montessori education that makes it stand out.

Principles of Montessori Education:

Montessori education is based on five core principles which are as follows:

Respect for the Child

Montessori education revolves and focuses on a child as an individual. Respect is given to a child’s choices. They have the freedom to choose what they want to do and what they want to learn. A child can move around in the classroom and is not restricted to a bench in a classroom which is normally the case in the traditional system of education. 

Dr. Montessori observed that children show their full potential when they have the freedom to make their choices, and this forms the core of the Montessori curriculum. A child’s mistakes are not frowned upon, rather they are given the opportunity to learn from their mistakes in the Montessori education method. 

Absorbent Mind

“We are not dealing with something that develops, but with a fact of formation; something nonexistent has to be produced, starting from nothing. The wonderful step taken by the baby is to pass from nothing to something.” 

-Maria Montessori, The Absorbent Mind

Dr. Montessori has described 0-6 years as the “absorbent mind” stage in a child. At this stage, a child’s mind acts as a sponge, absorbing every information from their environment, just like a sponge soaks in everything from its surroundings. During this phase, a child has an intense mental activity where they grasp everything from their environment without any conscious effort from others. Language, behavioral patterns depending on the situation, traits of their family and many more are learned during this absorbent mind phase. It forms the foundation of a child’s personality and intellect.

Dr. Montessori has divided the absorbent mind phase into two:

0 – 3 Years of Age

This stage is called the unconscious stage. During this phase, a child acquires knowledge from their surroundings and puts that knowledge into use without any conscious effort and logic behind it.

For instance, a child can learn to sit, walk, or speak during this phase without any conscious effort or understanding of its importance. They basically mimic what they see.

3 – 6 years of age

This is called the conscious stage. At this stage, a child continues to absorb knowledge from their surroundings. The major difference between the two stages is that during this stage, memory starts developing along with the power to understand.

A child starts reasoning for each action. A child starts making sense and gives meaning to their learnings.

During this phase. a child starts learning order, sequence, numbers, letter sounds and music. This helps in reading, writing and understanding/doing math as they grow up.

Sensitive Period

Absorbent mind and sensitive period stages work in tandem with each other.

Sensitive phases in a child’s life have an internal motivation to learn a particular skill.

During this phase, a child focuses on one skill/characteristic that they learn from their environment and excludes others. Once this phase passes, the child might not show the same interest in learning the skill as they did before. The child can learn the skill in the future but with much greater difficulty.

There are some characteristics of a child’s sensitive period which are as follows:

  • They have a keen interest in learning a particular skill while excluding others.
  • Persistently working on honing a skill without boredom or fatigue. Instead, the child works on developing the skill with much more interest and energy.
  • Will repeat the task again and again with a lot of joy and passion.
  • It is a transitory stage, which once lost is never regained.

Prepared Environment

Montessori classrooms are referred to as a prepared environment.

Montessori education classrooms are different when compared to the traditional educational organization classrooms. It is much more child driven. Walls are normally colored in neutral paints and are decked up with artistic work. Classrooms are set up in a way that enables an optimal learning environment for a child. 

There are no specific benches for students to sit in, rather there are individual corners with different activities set up and a child has the freedom to choose what they want to do on that specific day. 

A sense of order is present in such classrooms with everything present in a designated place, with a sense of freedom by breaking the norms of a traditional teaching set up.


The core principle of Montessori education is auto-education or self-education.

Dr. Montessori believed that no one can be educated by another person, instead the person should educate themselves to truly gain that knowledge or else it will never happen.

Montessori course focuses on this very principle. In this system of education, teachers do not hover over kids and try to impart the knowledge irrespective of the understanding capacity of all the kids. Instead, a teacher provides the guidance and environment for a kid to learn a particular skill. Teachers just observe and do not form an obstacle in a child’s learning process. They provide help only when a child asks for it.

Overall, Montessori education system is different from the traditional system in the option to decide what he/she wants to learn or which skill to hone. This in turn helps the child to remember that skill for life.

Also read: The little things that you do with your baby today, will amount to a great deal of things in their future. 

Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Breast milk or formula feed? 

Cereal or rice?

Store brought baby food or homemade food?

Take elders’ advice or stick to what the internet says?

Have these and many more such questions kept you up at night thinking about what is best for your baby?

This article will give you all the information that you need regarding the newborn feeding schedule as well as an insight as to what to give your child as they embark on their journey of growth with the help of a baby feeding guide.


What to give?

Milk Milk Milk. 

That is all you should think about when you say newborn feeding.

For the first 6 months of their life, a baby should be fed only breast milk. Breast milk is nutritious and dynamic and changes according to the child’s requirements. It is also a source of immunoglobulins (antibodies) like IgA that are low in a newborn baby’s blood.

However, if for some reason, a mother is unable to pump enough milk or the baby is not able to suck in enough milk through nipples, you can give formula milk as well. But all types of solid food should be avoided until at least 6 months.

How much Milk should a Newborn Drink?

Every child is different, and so are their food habits. Your child is the best person to tell you what they need. 

The below given newborn feeding schedule highlights the standard amount and feeding times that are expected at this stage.


AgeIntervals between feeds in 24 hoursAmount (ml)
1 -2 days2 – 314.78
2 weeks2 – 359 – 88
2 months3 – 4118 – 147
4 months4 – 5118 – 177
6 months4 – 5236.5


Yay! Your baby has crossed the first phase and has entered the next phase of life, where you can start giving solid food to your baby along with breast milk or formula milk. However, the golden rule is to be patient. Don’t rush into giving every kind of food to your baby in one go. The process takes time, and one should stick to one type of food for at least 3-5 days before introducing a new one. 

Studies show that, in general, a baby needs to be given a new food 6–15 times before they can accept it. Introducing one food at a time will also help parents identify the foods that can cause an allergic reaction in their children easily.

Also Read: How Everybody can do Best for their Babies?

What to give?

Now that your baby has completed the first 6 months, their energy requirements have increased, and so does the food intake. Breast milk/formula milk will no longer be sufficient enough to satiate the hunger of your growing child. Solid food can be introduced at this point of time in the form of mashed fruits and vegetables. Care needs to be taken that the food is soft so that the baby can easily chew and swallow it.

Feeding table for infants:

AgeAmount of food to be given at a time in a dayNo. of times in a dayTypes of food
6 months2 – 3 tspTwicePureed fruits like banana, apple, pear, papaya, avocado, etc.Pureed vegetables like carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes etc.
6 – 8 monthsHalf a cup2 – 3 timesAlong with the above-mentioned food items, rice water, clear lentil soup, vegetable broth can be included.
9 – 11monthsHalf a cup3 – 4 timesAt this stage small-bite size pieces of food can be introduced instead of mashed food. Can start introducing animal protein like eggs, meat, fish and poultry. A little oil/fat should also be included in meals.

The above-given feeding table for infants is a guide to the solid foods that should be introduced into the diet of a baby according to the corresponding age. However, you shouldn’t stop feeding breast milk/ formula milk at this point of time. The amount of milk shouldn’t be reduced either, and new foods should be introduced in between meals consisting of breast milk/ formula milk.

Also Read: How Everybody can do Best for their Babies?

What to avoid Including in the Infant Feeding Guide?

  • You should avoid giving honey to infants under one year of age. There have been instances of infant botulism in babies fed with honey that could have been contaminated with the spores of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
  • Do not include sugar and salt in your food.
  • Whole cow’s milk is a complete NO NO before the age of one year.
  • You should avoid giving formula milk that is low in iron, according to the AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics).


Now that your child has completed his/her first year, they are ready for new adventures and changes in life, which includes changes in the food that they eat as well.

Now is the right time to introduce cow’s milk into their diet. Their intestines are much more prepared for the proteins present in the cow’s milk and can digest it well.

Also, your baby will now try and grab food from your plate, do not stop them, instead encourage them to try new foods. If by any chance they develop rashes, fever, or any allergic reaction, consult your pediatrician and avoid giving that food in the future. But don’t be scared to introduce new foods.

Below is a baby feeding chart that will help a toddler’s parent during meal time.

AgeAmount of food to be given at a time in a dayNo. of times in a dayTypes of foodFoods to avoid
1 – 3 years3/4th – 1 cup3 – 4 times + 1 – 2 snacks in between mealsMilk, dairy, eggs, meat, poultry and fish.Legumes, nuts, fruits and vegetables. (Fruits can be given as a healthy snack). A little amount of oil/fat.Junk food, soft drinks and processed foods like chips and cookies.

What are the Alternatives to Cow’s Milk?

Some alternatives are soy milk, which is the most common alternative. Others include tree nut milk like almond milk and cashew nut milk. rice, oat and hemp milk.

What to do if the Baby is not Ready to Eat?

No matter their age, the problem of your baby refusing to eat may arise at anytime. The best thing to do is to be patient. The introduction of new foods is a challenge for the baby as well as the parents. A baby might dislike the food initially, might throw it up or simply avoid it, but give your baby some time. Don’t force it. In a few days’ time, reintroduce the same food. 

All in all, raising a child needs a lot of patience.  The baby feeding charts given above are a perfect guide to all those parents out there who are looking for answers when it comes to newborn and toddler feeding.

Also, Learn: Essential parenting tips for parents of toddlers

Essential parenting tips for parents of toddlers

A toddler can be cheerful and happy one moment and throw tantrums in the next. The biggest challenge for parents is to figure out how to inculcate the right values in the little one, teach them right from wrong and do it all without losing patience. Well, here are the parenting tips you need to nurture your toddler into a confident, independent individual you will be proud of. 

10 good parenting tips you can use every day

The first thing to know is that while good parenting is challenging, it is not impossible to achieve. The parenting tips you see here will help you hone your skills and learn the ropes as you grow up with your little one. Remember that while these are parenting tips for toddlers, many of them can be applied even as the child grows to ensure that they learn the right values in life:

1. Respect your child 

Imagine you have an acquaintance who puts you down at every turn, no matter what you do. Will you respect this person and want to spend time with them? Would you be inclined to listen to them? Definitely not. 

Now think of a person who respects your views, your feelings and who makes you feel like your opinions matter. You are very likely to not only listen to this person but also trust their advice. 

Now apply this to your little one. While he may be too young to understand respect in all its forms, he will see and begin to learn from you some basic traits such as: 

  • not interrupting when someone is talking 
  • respecting other’s feelings/ possessions
  • listening attentively to other people
  • respecting other people’s personal boundaries

Simple things like letting your toddler express his feelings without stopping him, allowing him to make safe choices like which clothes to wear, which flavour of ice cream to eat, accepting his ‘No’ when he doesn’t want to be cuddled. All this lays the foundation for respectful behaviour. 

2. Adapt your parenting to his age and personality

Positive parenting tips are aplenty, but you must understand that you cannot use the same guidelines for a 2-year-old and a 12-year-old. A 2-year-old has very little exposure to the world, and he may not understand consequences in the way a 12-year-old would. Similarly, the way a 2-year-old reacts to things, the fears and insecurities he has, the way he views the world- they are all different. 

Also, every child is unique and each one grows at their own pace. First, adapt your parenting to match a toddler and then be flexible enough to give leeway to your toddler’s unique personality. For example, imagine your best friend’s 2-year-old may be potty trained but your little one isn’t. Don’t put extra pressure on your child to conform to what you think is normal. If it takes a further 2 months, it really doesn’t matter.

3. Build self esteem

Positive parenting tips go a long way towards nurturing self-esteem in kids. Always keep in mind that your child sees himself through your eyes. The way you treat him tells him how he deserves to be treated. If you are always yelling at him or treating him with disdain, his self-esteem never has a chance to grow. To bring up a child with positive self-esteem, when you are interacting with a child to bring him, you must watch your:

  • tone
  • body language
  • eye contact
  • expression

Speak to him the way you would want to be spoken to. Respond to his questions with encouragement. Answer him patiently and lovingly. Communicate politely, gently and respectfully so he knows that he is worthy of being treated this way. When he does something good, make sure to praise him and tell him what the achievement was. Never compare your child with another. Growing up is not a competition. 

4. Adopt positive reinforcement

One of the simplest parenting tips is to turn off our critical mechanism and turn on a positive reinforcement mechanism. When you find yourself finding fault with what they do far more often than you are complimenting the good stuff that they are doing, it’s time to reset. There may be many things the child is doing wrong, but constantly harping only on these tells the child that he can’t do anything right. While you can correct things, try to do it without criticising the child. For example, if you want them to pick up the toys littered all over the floor, ask them to help you clean up instead of criticising them for being messy. 

Also Read: Baby Feeding Guide for Parents in First Three Months

One of the simplest parenting tips for toddlers is to use positive reinforcement liberally by highlighting good behaviour at once. You will begin to see that the child simply tries to repeat more of the good behaviour, and gradually the undesirable behaviour fades away. You can use positive reinforcement for the smallest of things:

  • Wow, how nicely you have put your blocks back in the box
  • I noticed you cleaned up your plate today. That’s good!
  • Did you drink your milk without spilling a drop? That’s amazing!
  • I saw you help that little girl put her puzzle together. That was sweet of you. 

Notice good behaviour and appreciate it. 

5. Learn the difference between punishment and discipline

Punishment arises from anger or frustration and aims to hurt the child. Discipline arises from a need to correct the child and aims to teach. Obviously, you want to discipline your toddler and correct what he is doing wrong instead of hurting him.  Good parenting tips for effective disciplining reiterate how it is necessary to set rules beforehand so that the child knows what is right behaviour and what isn’t. 

For example, before a playmate comes over, you tell the child that he is not allowed to grab toys from the other or hit him. Now the toddler knows what he’s NOT supposed to do. 

To ensure that your child understands how discipline works, you must also have consequences for indiscipline and tell the child about them in advance too. The consequence for grabbing toys from a playmate could a time out or cutting short the play date. 

Also Read: Reading books to your baby – Storytelling way of engaging with your baby

6. Do, don’t just tell

You are your child’s most influential role model. You are being watched all through the day and your actions, behaviour, tone are being observed and noted by the child for reference. Demonstrating the behaviour you desire from your child is a simple way to get them to follow. Pay attention to how you treat not only the child but also everyone around you. 

For example, thank the delivery boy who brings groceries to your doorstep. At the super market, greet the cashier with a smile and end with a ‘Good day to you’. Step up to help a neighbour struggling with bags. Be polite at restaurants. Treat even strangers with respect and ensure that your behaviour and language are dignified at all times. Soon, you will see your child mimicking your tone, body language and behaviour not only at home but even outside.

7. Demonstrate your unconditional love

One of the simple parenting tips that we surprisingly forget is that children flourish with love. Make sure your child knows you love him and that the love does not depend on how well he does something or how quiet he is or how much he behaves like his older brother. Every child deserves to know that he is loved for who he is. 

Telling your child you love him is not the only way. Showing it through action is often more memorable. Choosing to spend time with the little one is a simple but very effective way to show your love. Hugs and cuddles are great too.

Many parents mistakenly believe that providing for their children, ensuring they never want for anything, is an adequate expression of love. It isn’t. Especially not for a toddler who is too young to understand this. A toddler understands that his Mom smiles a lot when she is with him, that she greets him with a squeal of excitement and squishes him close when she comes home from work, and that she sits down with him every night, reads a story and asks about his day.  

8. Encourage communication

Toddlers are not perfect. They will mess up, make mistakes, and repeat mistakes too. In such situations, you must make them understand what they did wrong and why they must not do it again. Communication is essential here in two ways. First, you must encourage open communication without fear of harsh repercussions so the child will open up and tell you what they did honestly.  Second, you must have a habit of talking heart to heart with the child on matters, so you sit them down and convey to them what was wrong and how to correct it. Letting the child know that they can discuss anything with you and expect to be heard without judgement. This is very critical all through the growing years.

These eight parenting tips for toddlers tell you how you can bring up your child to be a valuable member of society who is confident, respectful and productive.  

Also, Learn: 6 Things Your Baby Wants You To Know!

Help your baby become the best version of themselves with these 6 TIPs from Raghav!

The Prodigy Baby Framework gives new parents the opportunity to unlock their baby’s true genius through early learning and development. In the latest episode of the Prodigy Show, Raghav pulls out a few tips and tricks from under his sleeve that will help your babies to become the best version of them.

Give your babies opportunities in different activities.

Give your baby the opportunities that will help them explore different parts of their brain. Let them explore creativity, math, music, and everything else. This will help them discover their potential and talents very early on in life and, thus, help them choose the path for their future.

Give your baby a lot of confidence.

The major reason why babies don’t reach their milestones on time; be it crawling, walking, or talking, is because they do not have the confidence that they will be able to do so. Encourage your baby in the smallest of the activities to boost their confidence. This will make them more likely to achieve milestones early in life.

No judgement.

Do not judge your baby. It might sound non-intuitive but babies catch to our gestures more than adults do. Showing any kind of disappointment or judgement makes babies very conscious and reluctant in trying anything new in the future. We don’t want our babies to lose their curiosity.

Respect your baby’s choices.

Give your baby the freedom to choose. Let them choose their clothes, let them choose their toys, and even let them choose the activities that they want to do. This will allow them to make independent decisions and discover their interests. However, this doesn’t mean that you will intentionally let them wander on a path that might be wrong for them. As parents, also help them steer away from making bad decisions.

Also Read: Essential Parenting Tips for Parents of Toddlers

Trust your baby’s skills.

Sometimes we assume that are baby is too small to do certain things and, thus, underestimate their skills. Trust your baby with little things that you might think they cannot do, like walking early or singing or drawing. Trust them and they might surprise you.

Also Read: All About Montessori Education

Expect to be surprised.

Most of the times we expect that our babies might not be able to do certain things only because they are small. Expect your baby to surprise you with what they can do. Babies understand this and they are eager to show you the little miracles that they can do.

These are some simple tips from the Prodigy Baby System that will help you to maximize your baby’s development. Implement them and see your baby become the best versions of them.

To learn more, visit us at

6 Things Your Baby Wants You To Know!

With the first episode of The Prodigy Show out on YouTube, we bring you a sneak peek into the world of parents of our prodigy babies to answer these intriguing questions. Raghav Himatsingka also spills the beans on some basic things to remember as parents.

So, here are the top six things that your baby wants you to know:

Do not swaddle your baby. Keep them free.

Swaddling is a concept that was invented to make the lives of parents easier. We swaddle our babies so that they don’t cry, they keep warm and they just don’t move. But that’s not what babies want. What babies want is the freedom and independence to move their limbs, to be able to yell to be able to cry, to be able to express, to be able to experience their vocal chords and to be able to ultimately start their mobility, which is crawling, walking, standing, all of those things. So, keep them free, keep them unconstrained, unrestricted in their natural environment, as much as possible on their tummies so that they can start exploring their abilities to be mobile.

Let there be noise.

Sometimes as parents, we are over-cautious about keeping our babies away from noise, in a quiet and silent environment. Allow your baby exposure to different kinds of sounds, whether it’s everyday sounds, nature sounds or even sounds of language, because that will help them understand language, understand communication, also try and understand the world around them. We are not asking you to expose your baby to loud environment, like that of a nightclub or a disco, but don’t try and shield them from every little noise and sound. Allow the natural sounds and communication to get to your baby so that they can start appreciating the sounds in the world.

Also Read: Essential Parenting Tips for Parents of Toddlers

Your baby wants to talk.

Some of us assume that just because our babies have not developed their vocal chords, they cannot communicate with us. However, given a chance, they are actually capable of communicating through their eyes, through the expressions, with their smiles, with their hands and legs, their limbs moving about, and so on. These reactions are completely appropriate ways of communicating. When you allow that chance, your baby experiences a completely amazing amount of delight at having been understood and been given the opportunity to be able to communicate with their parents. So, allow your baby a chance and let them talk back to you.

Also Read: How Everybody can Do Best for their Babies?

No screen-time.

Getting your baby hooked to a screen is convenient for parents but, it is extremely harmful for your baby’s development, as well as for their personality and character building. In the pursuit to keep our baby engaged so that we can focus on our own thing, we give them a mobile app to play with, or an iPad to play with. This keeps the baby engaged but can impair and delay their speech development. It would also lead to personality issues, behavior issues, and the overall growth and development.

Expose your baby to different sounds and music.

Your baby can hear sounds that you cannot hear. Babies have a more sensitive hearing than adults. So, expose your baby to different sounds and different kinds of music so that they will be able to not only appreciate all of these things, but also be able to train their auditory sense. They’ll be able to develop their sense of hearing and sense of identification of sounds, which will ultimately lead to a better sense in music as well as better sense of creativity as they grow older.

Take your baby outdoors.

When a baby is born into the world, they need exposure to natural surroundings, to trees, to the environment, to fresh air. Take them outside and you will see a noticeable change in how they react indoors and outdoors. There is happiness and joy in their personality when they have been out. They will also begin to expend their energy and it will ultimately lead to better sleeping, better resting, and better development and growth.

Also Read: Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

So, the major take-away from the first ever episode of The Prodigy Show is to take your baby outdoors and let them enjoy the natural surroundings, and watch them grow and develop into a happy, joyful baby as they grow older.

So above all, what makes your child a prodigy? It is your willingness to take action as a parent is what makes all the difference. Take action now and raise a prodigy baby. Visit

How Everybody can do Best for their Babies?

Everybody wants to do the best that they can for their babies. The last episode of the Prodigy Show with Raghav Himatsingka featured some interesting tips for us to keep in mind to raise our babies right. Below are those simple yet interesting tips.


Math has a language of its own, just like English, Hindi, Mandarin, Spanish, or any other. The earlier you start learning these languages the better you get at it. Not just kids, but Math usually scares a lot of adults as well. However, there is no need to dread it. Start teaching your baby the basics of mathematics from an early age so that they become comfortable with it. It will, thus, start coming naturally to them.

Be a role model.

It’s pretty straightforward. You must have observed babies enacting the grown-ups. The most common sight is when they pretend to be talking over the phone. Yes, babies imitate adults and, therefore, it is important to be very careful around them. You don’t want them picking up wrong habits that might become their traits in the long term. Imbibe all of the values that you want your baby to aspire towards and bring them in your own life so that you are a role model to your baby in the true sense.

Empower you baby!

Allow your baby to make their own decisions in little things. Let them choose the colour of the clothes that they want to wear, let them pick their own toys to play with, and in other little things like these. We don’t have to judge them. There is no right or wrong. You are just providing them with the independence to do things on their own and, thus, allowing them to develop decisive and leadership qualities.

Also Read: Essential Items For Newborn Baby That You Must Have

Stop testing your baby!

Sometimes you do it intentionally, sometimes unknowingly. Either ways it creates pressure on your baby’s tiny brain. Sometimes you ask your baby a question to which you already know the answer. You do this because you like to hear it from them. It might be fun, it might be satisfying, but for the baby, it’s like being put under a spotlight. And they don’t like it. The will soon learn to ignore, which is not a good thing. If they want to demonstrate to us what they’ve learnt, they will come forward and let us know themselves. So, stop testing your baby.

Let them find their own feet.

If your baby has just started to walk or maybe is about to start walking and is pulling up to stand, let them do it on their own strength and balance. Do not give them your finger to hold or do not hold their hand and make them walk. Let them find their own balance. Let them take support of the furniture if they want to. Even if they take longer, be assured that they will become independent walker and start walking confidently.

Also Read: 6 Things Your Baby Wants You To Know!

Treat your baby with respect.

Your baby has their own feelings, thoughts, emotions and beliefs. It is important to empathise with their feelings. Try to understand why they might be feeling cranky or frustrated, why they might be yelling, or why they are feeling sad. Treat them with respect and treat them like an entity, like an individual with their own feelings, thoughts, and emotions. Also, avoid talking to anybody else about your baby right in front of them. They have their own understanding and it can actually reduce their confidence when you start talking about them with somebody else while they’re in the same room. Give your baby the same respect that you would give to any other adult.

These tips and tricks might sound interesting or even absurd, but give them a try and find out the miraculous results. To discover more such tips and miracles, visit us at