Category: Prodigy Baby

Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

When you come home with your newborn in your arms, the first big change for you is to bid your beauty sleep at night goodbye. While babies sleep for most of the day and night during the initial stages of their life, this sleep is not continuous. They may wake up frequently to feed and then drift back to sleep after a while. For a new parent this can get confusing because you don’t know how to plan around the baby’s sleep cycles. But this is not only why you need to understand your baby’s sleep pattern. Adequate sleep is also crucial for their development and health and by being informed about the healthy baby sleep schedule by age, you can ensure your little one is getting all the sleep she needs at each stage.

Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

Baby Sleep Schedule by Age

The First Few Weeks

Baby has spent the first few months of her life in the dark, warm confines of your womb. Over the first few weeks post-birth she is still slowly getting accustomed to the day and night pattern that she has been brought out into. At this stage she is too young to be brought on a schedule.

Also Read: Essential Items for Newborn Baby that You Must Have

Over the 24- hour period of each day, she may spend between 16 and 17 hours sleeping. Typically, she sleeps for 8 to 9 hours of the day and 8 hours at night in total. These could be split into naps lasting 2 to 3 hours followed by 45 to 60 minutes of awake time.

Remember that by the end of the first two weeks, the baby should ideally go back to her birth weight. Gradually as she is a few weeks old, she starts sleeping for longer stretches at a go.

Between 1 and 2 Months Old 

Baby’s awake window slightly increases now to around two hours but she is still taking naps during the day and waking up at night-time to feed, more than once. Check with your paediatrician if you can start waking the baby for a feed if she is napping for longer than an hour and half during the day in her second month. An important thing to note is that breastfed babies wake every two to three hours for a quick meal at night while for formula fed tots, this could extend to three to four hours.

Between 3 to 6 Months

At this stage, baby is beginning to understand the difference between day and night and so her sleep pattern begins to settle down. Swaddling, white noise, rocking and other such techniques help you soothe her and get her sleepy enough to drift off peacefully and quickly.

At night she sleeps for longer stretches, maybe even six to eight hours if you are lucky, without waking for a feed. During the day, her sleep times are reduced slightly and she wants to play or cuddle for longer in between naps and she is active for more hours overall. If it is past her bedtime and she seems active, try the swaddling- rocking- white noise trio of techniques to slowly help her calm down and go to sleep. 

Make sure to wake her up if the baby’s sleep during a daytime nap stretches longer than one and half hours because fewer daytime feeds mean more night-time feeds. Try to slowly wean her away from the habit of feeding to fall asleep. After the last meal she has, switch to other calming methods to put her to sleep so that you begin breaking the feed- sleep association. By the time the baby is nearing her six month birthday, she is edging closer to getting one long uninterrupted sleep stretch at night, followed by a shorter nap after a feed.

Between 7 to 9 Months

As she enters her seventh month, baby is ready to skip her night feed and get a single long stretch of sleep. Of course, pre-bedtime feed is still very important but you may be able to break the midnight snack habit now with your paediatrician’s advice. This is also the time to start nudging your little one towards self- soothing so she can go back to sleep on her own even if she wakes up in the middle of the night. 

White noise is still a perfectly safe, non- intrusive sleep inducing method you can use but swaddling is not as advisable as baby has started to move a lot on her own now. Try to fade away the rocking- to- help- baby’s sleep habit as well so the baby can slowly learn to drift off on her own without needing you nearby. If you haven’t stopped feeding to help her sleep already, do it now. You can stop a habit by shortening the length of time for which you do it before putting the baby in her bassinet to sleep so that she is calmed down but not asleep when she’s in sleeping position.

9 to 12 Months

By now you are definitely yearning to know when babies sleep through the night. You are almost there! Although she is sleeping for an eight hour stretch at night, she may be waking up early for a feed. Now she’s beginning to try solid foods too so her meal times may be farther apart as well and hopefully you have managed to wean her off night time feeds by this stage. Now the baby is sleeping for anywhere between 14 and 15, maybe even 16, hours daily with most of the sleep taking place during the night. Yay!

If you haven’t started teaching babies how to self soothe, you must start now. At bedtime, she goes into her crib or bed when she is sleepy but still awake. On most days the baby’s sleep will be uninterrupted through the night and she’ll wake early but on the few nights that she does wake up in between, try not to pick her up. See if she’s able to soothe herself back to sleep or else pat her to sleep in her crib. Taking her out and into your arms can bring her to full wakefulness.  

Also Read: How Everybody Can do Best for Their Babies?

By the time, baby is one year old, she is ideally sleeping through the night and also self- soothing to sleep. She still needs a pre- sleep time feed but she isn’t dependent on the feed to go to sleep now.

However, what you must remember is that every baby is different. If your little one isn’t exactly following this schedule, it is not a cause for concern as long as she is getting enough rest and is growing at the right pace. Your periodic paediatrician visits will keep you apprised on baby’s development and overall health. Do not try to force fit your little one into the typical baby sleep schedule by age pattern. Instead try to gradually nudge her into a night time sleep- daytime- play pattern overall. 

Ideal Weight and Height Chart for Infants Month by Month

Is my baby too thin? Is my baby too fat? Shouldn’t he have grown a lot more by now? Is there something wrong with my baby?

These and many more questions plague a parent’s mind especially when they are new and suddenly have the responsibility of their little one.

Parenting can be tough, and some answers are tough to get, but luckily there are some straightforward answers as well that soothe this pressure. 

Below is a baby weight and height growth chart that will help any parent to track the growth of their baby in their first 12 months.

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Boys:

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Boys

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Girls:

Weight and Height Chart of Infant Girls
  • The column highlighted in green is the median value corresponding to that particular month recommended by WHO (World Health Organisation).

What is a Growth Chart?

So now that you have seen the chart above, you might wonder about its uses? A growth chart like the one shown above helps a parent and moreover a paediatrician to analyse the growth and development of a child.

A paediatrician uses the baby growth chart to measure the weight and height of the infant according to the development month and helps to determine the overall health of the infant.

In many instances a paediatrician also measures the head size of the infant which helps to determine the brain development.

Also Read: Baby Developmental Milestones for Birth to 3 Years

Difference in The Growth Chart of Boys and Girls

When you see a baby boy and a girl, you can immediately figure out the differences between them. Some obvious differences are in their stature, behaviour, hair length (though not always 😊) etc.

Most of these differences are due to the various factors like the genes, hormones, brain chemistry etc.

Apart from these, the environment plays an important factor in contributing to the overall growth of a child.

A different growth chart is used for boys and girls even though they might be of the same age group because the growth rate and growth pattern are different between the two genders.

Types of Growth Charts

There are different growth charts depending on the age group of the child, such as in weeks or in age groups like 0-1 year / 0-2 years, 2 years-5 years etc.

Also, the growth chart will be different for a pre-termed baby or a child with some disorder like Down’s syndrome.

So, if you had a pre-termed baby, don’t make the mistake of comparing your child’s growth with the baby weight or height growth chart.

The best option for you is to consult your paediatrician for a proper growth chart depending on your child’s medical history.

What is This Whole Fuss About Percentiles?

Many parents come across the term “percentiles” and are left wondering about it. Let us not make it more complicated and simplify it.

Also Read: Essential Parenting Tips for Parents of Toddlers

Percentiles are the measurements one deduces using a baby growth chart that helps to compare where one child is in terms of growth against another child.

Let’s make it a bit more simpler with an example:

Let us consider that child A is 65th percentile in weight, so this will indicate that 65% of the kids weigh less than child A and 35% of kids weigh more than child A.

However, fret not if the child’s growth rate is in the lower half of the percentile graph. One needs to make sure that it is uniform i.e., if the child had a percentile of 40% then the child’s growth pattern should remain at 40% throughout their growing stages.

However, a fluctuation like say from 40% to 5% is a cause of worry and one should consult their paediatrician as soon as possible.

Percentiles are represented in the form of curved lines in a chart.

Breast Fed Child Vs Formula Fed Child

Wow!!! Your baby is growing up so fast!!!

Is it because you give her formula milk? 

Should I switch too??

Is there something wrong with my milk?

Or is there something wrong with my baby?

Isn’t my milk enough?

If not, then why is my baby’s growth rate slow??

Every anxious parent goes through this phase where they doubt their decision. The debate between breast milk or formula milk is common any given day.

So, which one is better? Or are they similar?

There is definitely a slight difference in the growth patterns between a breast-fed child and a formula-fed child because of the difference in their composition.

Healthy breast-fed babies gain weight more rapidly in the first 3 months of their life as compared to formula-fed babies.

This is because breast milk is dynamic and it changes according to the child’s requirements.

However, after 3 months the growth rate pattern is slower as compared to a formula-fed child.

Ultimately both the kids are healthy barring a slight difference in the growth pattern.

Should You Worry?

Typically for any parent, a visit to the doctor even if it is a normal check up is always a cause of worry. In this day and era, where any information is available online, everyone is a self-proclaimed doctor and knows the treatment for any medical condition. However, it is very easy to fall in the dungeon of worries and be scared when there could be a simpler solution.

In such times, it is important for a parent to know that each child is unique, and so is their growth pattern. Hence, one needs to get the proper advice from a doctor before driving to any conclusions.

Also Read: Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Just because your child’s growth rate is a little off from the baby weight growth chart doesn’t mean that you should sit and worry all day.

Consult Your Paediatrician First

Your paediatrician will guide you in the right direction with proper medical advice and treatment if needed.

All in all such baby growth charts help parents to determine their child’s overall growth pattern, but one always needs to remember that each child is unique and deserves a proper medical guide whenever required.

Also read: Help your baby become the best version of themselves with these 6 TIPs from Raghav!

Montessori Education | Raising Super Stars

“Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.”

-Dr. Maria Montessori

Montessori education is a non-traditional system of education which focuses on the learning and development of every child in the classroom.

Montessori education system was established by Dr. Maria Montessori. Being a revolutionary, Dr. Montessori was Italy’s first female doctor and opened her first Montessori school in 1907 by the name Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House).

Montessori course involves self-directed activities and is prominently impactful in early childhood and during primary school education.

Montessori curriculum is different from the traditional education system, wherein no specific curriculum is assigned to the children of a particular age group and they are made to study that subject irrespective of their interest and understanding. Rather, the Montessori curriculum is based on each child’s needs and interests.

Every child has the freedom to choose what they want to learn and can keep learning that particular skill for as long as they want without any interruptions from others. This helps the child to develop a better understanding of that subject/skill. 

A particularly interesting characteristic of Montessori education lies in its multi-age classrooms. In contrast to the traditional education system where kids are grouped in a classroom on the basis of their age, Montessori classrooms are multi-age meaning kids of different age groups can study together in a classroom. The segregation is based solely on a child’s interests and understanding.

Freedom to move about in the classroom is yet another characteristic of Montessori education that makes it stand out.

Principles of Montessori Education:

Montessori education is based on five core principles which are as follows:

Respect for the Child

Montessori education revolves and focuses on a child as an individual. Respect is given to a child’s choices. They have the freedom to choose what they want to do and what they want to learn. A child can move around in the classroom and is not restricted to a bench in a classroom which is normally the case in the traditional system of education. 

Dr. Montessori observed that children show their full potential when they have the freedom to make their choices, and this forms the core of the Montessori curriculum. A child’s mistakes are not frowned upon, rather they are given the opportunity to learn from their mistakes in the Montessori education method. 

Absorbent Mind

“We are not dealing with something that develops, but with a fact of formation; something nonexistent has to be produced, starting from nothing. The wonderful step taken by the baby is to pass from nothing to something.” 

-Maria Montessori, The Absorbent Mind

Dr. Montessori has described 0-6 years as the “absorbent mind” stage in a child. At this stage, a child’s mind acts as a sponge, absorbing every information from their environment, just like a sponge soaks in everything from its surroundings. During this phase, a child has an intense mental activity where they grasp everything from their environment without any conscious effort from others. Language, behavioral patterns depending on the situation, traits of their family and many more are learned during this absorbent mind phase. It forms the foundation of a child’s personality and intellect.

Dr. Montessori has divided the absorbent mind phase into two:

0 – 3 Years of Age

This stage is called the unconscious stage. During this phase, a child acquires knowledge from their surroundings and puts that knowledge into use without any conscious effort and logic behind it.

For instance, a child can learn to sit, walk, or speak during this phase without any conscious effort or understanding of its importance. They basically mimic what they see.

3 – 6 years of age

This is called the conscious stage. At this stage, a child continues to absorb knowledge from their surroundings. The major difference between the two stages is that during this stage, memory starts developing along with the power to understand.

A child starts reasoning for each action. A child starts making sense and gives meaning to their learnings.

During this phase. a child starts learning order, sequence, numbers, letter sounds and music. This helps in reading, writing and understanding/doing math as they grow up.

Sensitive Period

Absorbent mind and sensitive period stages work in tandem with each other.

Sensitive phases in a child’s life have an internal motivation to learn a particular skill.

During this phase, a child focuses on one skill/characteristic that they learn from their environment and excludes others. Once this phase passes, the child might not show the same interest in learning the skill as they did before. The child can learn the skill in the future but with much greater difficulty.

There are some characteristics of a child’s sensitive period which are as follows:

  • They have a keen interest in learning a particular skill while excluding others.
  • Persistently working on honing a skill without boredom or fatigue. Instead, the child works on developing the skill with much more interest and energy.
  • Will repeat the task again and again with a lot of joy and passion.
  • It is a transitory stage, which once lost is never regained.

Prepared Environment

Montessori classrooms are referred to as a prepared environment.

Montessori education classrooms are different when compared to the traditional educational organization classrooms. It is much more child driven. Walls are normally colored in neutral paints and are decked up with artistic work. Classrooms are set up in a way that enables an optimal learning environment for a child. 

There are no specific benches for students to sit in, rather there are individual corners with different activities set up and a child has the freedom to choose what they want to do on that specific day. 

A sense of order is present in such classrooms with everything present in a designated place, with a sense of freedom by breaking the norms of a traditional teaching set up.

Auto-Education 

The core principle of Montessori education is auto-education or self-education.

Dr. Montessori believed that no one can be educated by another person, instead the person should educate themselves to truly gain that knowledge or else it will never happen.

Montessori course focuses on this very principle. In this system of education, teachers do not hover over kids and try to impart the knowledge irrespective of the understanding capacity of all the kids. Instead, a teacher provides the guidance and environment for a kid to learn a particular skill. Teachers just observe and do not form an obstacle in a child’s learning process. They provide help only when a child asks for it.

Overall, Montessori education system is different from the traditional system in the option to decide what he/she wants to learn or which skill to hone. This in turn helps the child to remember that skill for life.

Also read: The little things that you do with your baby today, will amount to a great deal of things in their future. 

Baby Feeding Guide for Parents: First Three Months

Breast milk or formula feed? 

Cereal or rice?

Store brought baby food or homemade food?

Take elders’ advice or stick to what the internet says?

Have these and many more such questions kept you up at night thinking about what is best for your baby?

This article will give you all the information that you need regarding the newborn feeding schedule as well as an insight as to what to give your child as they embark on their journey of growth with the help of a baby feeding guide.

NEWBORN (0 – 6 MONTHS)

What to give?

Milk Milk Milk. 

That is all you should think about when you say newborn feeding.

For the first 6 months of their life, a baby should be fed only breast milk. Breast milk is nutritious and dynamic and changes according to the child’s requirements. It is also a source of immunoglobulins (antibodies) like IgA that are low in a newborn baby’s blood.

However, if for some reason, a mother is unable to pump enough milk or the baby is not able to suck in enough milk through nipples, you can give formula milk as well. But all types of solid food should be avoided until at least 6 months.

How much Milk should a Newborn Drink?

Every child is different, and so are their food habits. Your child is the best person to tell you what they need. 

The below given newborn feeding schedule highlights the standard amount and feeding times that are expected at this stage.

NEWBORN FEEDING SCHEDULE

AgeIntervals between feeds in 24 hoursAmount (ml)
1 -2 days2 – 314.78
2 weeks2 – 359 – 88
2 months3 – 4118 – 147
4 months4 – 5118 – 177
6 months4 – 5236.5

6 MONTHS – 1 YEAR BABY

Yay! Your baby has crossed the first phase and has entered the next phase of life, where you can start giving solid food to your baby along with breast milk or formula milk. However, the golden rule is to be patient. Don’t rush into giving every kind of food to your baby in one go. The process takes time, and one should stick to one type of food for at least 3-5 days before introducing a new one. 

Studies show that, in general, a baby needs to be given a new food 6–15 times before they can accept it. Introducing one food at a time will also help parents identify the foods that can cause an allergic reaction in their children easily.

Also Read: How Everybody can do Best for their Babies?

What to give?

Now that your baby has completed the first 6 months, their energy requirements have increased, and so does the food intake. Breast milk/formula milk will no longer be sufficient enough to satiate the hunger of your growing child. Solid food can be introduced at this point of time in the form of mashed fruits and vegetables. Care needs to be taken that the food is soft so that the baby can easily chew and swallow it.

Feeding table for infants:

AgeAmount of food to be given at a time in a dayNo. of times in a dayTypes of food
6 months2 – 3 tspTwicePureed fruits like banana, apple, pear, papaya, avocado, etc.Pureed vegetables like carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes etc.
6 – 8 monthsHalf a cup2 – 3 timesAlong with the above-mentioned food items, rice water, clear lentil soup, vegetable broth can be included.
9 – 11monthsHalf a cup3 – 4 timesAt this stage small-bite size pieces of food can be introduced instead of mashed food. Can start introducing animal protein like eggs, meat, fish and poultry. A little oil/fat should also be included in meals.

The above-given feeding table for infants is a guide to the solid foods that should be introduced into the diet of a baby according to the corresponding age. However, you shouldn’t stop feeding breast milk/ formula milk at this point of time. The amount of milk shouldn’t be reduced either, and new foods should be introduced in between meals consisting of breast milk/ formula milk.

Also Read: How Everybody can do Best for their Babies?

What to avoid Including in the Infant Feeding Guide?

  • You should avoid giving honey to infants under one year of age. There have been instances of infant botulism in babies fed with honey that could have been contaminated with the spores of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
  • Do not include sugar and salt in your food.
  • Whole cow’s milk is a complete NO NO before the age of one year.
  • You should avoid giving formula milk that is low in iron, according to the AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics).

1 YEAR – 3 YEARS

Now that your child has completed his/her first year, they are ready for new adventures and changes in life, which includes changes in the food that they eat as well.

Now is the right time to introduce cow’s milk into their diet. Their intestines are much more prepared for the proteins present in the cow’s milk and can digest it well.

Also, your baby will now try and grab food from your plate, do not stop them, instead encourage them to try new foods. If by any chance they develop rashes, fever, or any allergic reaction, consult your pediatrician and avoid giving that food in the future. But don’t be scared to introduce new foods.

Below is a baby feeding chart that will help a toddler’s parent during meal time.

AgeAmount of food to be given at a time in a dayNo. of times in a dayTypes of foodFoods to avoid
1 – 3 years3/4th – 1 cup3 – 4 times + 1 – 2 snacks in between mealsMilk, dairy, eggs, meat, poultry and fish.Legumes, nuts, fruits and vegetables. (Fruits can be given as a healthy snack). A little amount of oil/fat.Junk food, soft drinks and processed foods like chips and cookies.

What are the Alternatives to Cow’s Milk?

Some alternatives are soy milk, which is the most common alternative. Others include tree nut milk like almond milk and cashew nut milk. rice, oat and hemp milk.

What to do if the Baby is not Ready to Eat?

No matter their age, the problem of your baby refusing to eat may arise at anytime. The best thing to do is to be patient. The introduction of new foods is a challenge for the baby as well as the parents. A baby might dislike the food initially, might throw it up or simply avoid it, but give your baby some time. Don’t force it. In a few days’ time, reintroduce the same food. 

All in all, raising a child needs a lot of patience.  The baby feeding charts given above are a perfect guide to all those parents out there who are looking for answers when it comes to newborn and toddler feeding.

Also, Learn: Essential parenting tips for parents of toddlers

6 Things Your Baby Wants You To Know!

With the first episode of The Prodigy Show out on YouTube, we bring you a sneak peek into the world of parents of our prodigy babies to answer these intriguing questions. Raghav Himatsingka also spills the beans on some basic things to remember as parents.

So, here are the top six things that your baby wants you to know:

Do not swaddle your baby. Keep them free.

Swaddling is a concept that was invented to make the lives of parents easier. We swaddle our babies so that they don’t cry, they keep warm and they just don’t move. But that’s not what babies want. What babies want is the freedom and independence to move their limbs, to be able to yell to be able to cry, to be able to express, to be able to experience their vocal chords and to be able to ultimately start their mobility, which is crawling, walking, standing, all of those things. So, keep them free, keep them unconstrained, unrestricted in their natural environment, as much as possible on their tummies so that they can start exploring their abilities to be mobile.

Let there be noise.

Sometimes as parents, we are over-cautious about keeping our babies away from noise, in a quiet and silent environment. Allow your baby exposure to different kinds of sounds, whether it’s everyday sounds, nature sounds or even sounds of language, because that will help them understand language, understand communication, also try and understand the world around them. We are not asking you to expose your baby to loud environment, like that of a nightclub or a disco, but don’t try and shield them from every little noise and sound. Allow the natural sounds and communication to get to your baby so that they can start appreciating the sounds in the world.

Also Read: Essential Parenting Tips for Parents of Toddlers

Your baby wants to talk.

Some of us assume that just because our babies have not developed their vocal chords, they cannot communicate with us. However, given a chance, they are actually capable of communicating through their eyes, through the expressions, with their smiles, with their hands and legs, their limbs moving about, and so on. These reactions are completely appropriate ways of communicating. When you allow that chance, your baby experiences a completely amazing amount of delight at having been understood and been given the opportunity to be able to communicate with their parents. So, allow your baby a chance and let them talk back to you.

Also Read: How Everybody can Do Best for their Babies?

No screen-time.

Getting your baby hooked to a screen is convenient for parents but, it is extremely harmful for your baby’s development, as well as for their personality and character building. In the pursuit to keep our baby engaged so that we can focus on our own thing, we give them a mobile app to play with, or an iPad to play with. This keeps the baby engaged but can impair and delay their speech development. It would also lead to personality issues, behavior issues, and the overall growth and development.

Expose your baby to different sounds and music.

Your baby can hear sounds that you cannot hear. Babies have a more sensitive hearing than adults. So, expose your baby to different sounds and different kinds of music so that they will be able to not only appreciate all of these things, but also be able to train their auditory sense. They’ll be able to develop their sense of hearing and sense of identification of sounds, which will ultimately lead to a better sense in music as well as better sense of creativity as they grow older.

Take your baby outdoors.

When a baby is born into the world, they need exposure to natural surroundings, to trees, to the environment, to fresh air. Take them outside and you will see a noticeable change in how they react indoors and outdoors. There is happiness and joy in their personality when they have been out. They will also begin to expend their energy and it will ultimately lead to better sleeping, better resting, and better development and growth.

Also Read: Ideal Sleeping Hours for New Born Baby

So, the major take-away from the first ever episode of The Prodigy Show is to take your baby outdoors and let them enjoy the natural surroundings, and watch them grow and develop into a happy, joyful baby as they grow older.

So above all, what makes your child a prodigy? It is your willingness to take action as a parent is what makes all the difference. Take action now and raise a prodigy baby. Visit https://www.raisingsuperstars.com/