Our nervous system is a big giant circuit of brain cells. These brain cells are called neurons. Synapses are a connection between these neurons that allows information to be passed.
Initially a child’s brain is 25% of adult size which further becomes 80% by the age of 3. The number of neurons remains relatively stable at this age, but each neuron grows, becoming bigger and heavier.
At birth, the human brain is in a remarkably unfinished state. At birth, the number of synapses per neuron is 2,500, but by age two or three, it’s about 15,000 synapses per neuron.
Every time the child has a new experience these synapses are formed. After the age of 3, the synapses used and reused repeatedly are stored and the brain eliminates connections that are seldom or never used.
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